Moxa or moxibustion is a special form of acupuncture that is mainly used as an adjunctive therapy in China. Basically, there are two types of moxibustion:
a) With moxa cigars:
Here the practitioner lights a cigar and approaches the acupoints with it until the patient feels a clear sensation of heat. Then he pulls it back again briefly and approaches the patient again – as often as necessary until the point on the skin is clearly reddened.
b) With mugwort cones:
Here the practitioner places ginger discs on the acupoints and places small mugwort cones on them, which he ignites; they burn slowly. If the patient feels a sensation of heat in the acupoint and the skin is clearly flushed, the practitioner moves the cones to the next point. Moxibustion is considered an effective stimulation therapy for states of exhaustion, depression and chronic respiratory diseases.